One of the most dreadful and painful dental procedures is root canal treatment. If you leave your decayed tooth untreated with time it will progress deep and reaches the pulp. Root canal treatment replaces the grimy pulp with a filling and thus save the tooth, which had to otherwise need to removed.
How does the tooth become infected?
The root canal consists the blood vessels and nerves that nourish the tooth by providing nutrients and oxygen. When you neglect the dental decay of outer layers, it reaches to root canal and makes the nerves and vessels infected and inflamed. This inflamed pulp dies with time and replaced by pus. This is the reason behind pain and swelling and if you left it untreated, it will damage the bone structure and cause a tooth abscess.
Root canal treatment:
Medically termed as endodontic treatment, the root canal treatment includes cleaning and sterilization of root canal and removing the infected tissue. This procedure can be carried out by a professional dentist only. Depending on the severity of the situation, the treatment is done in two or more visits. If you are suffering from an active infection then the dentist will prescribe antibiotics for three to five days so that the pain and infection reduces. Prior the commencement of treatment local anesthesia is given to make the patient comfortable. Firstly, a rubber dam is placed over the defected tooth to make sure that the tooth is dry and to avoid contamination of the canals. After applying a dental drill to open the upper layer of the tooth, the doctor will access the pulp chamber and take out the infected pulp.
Now he will clean the inside of your tooth with a series of small files. The pulp chamber and the tooth canal is cleaned by these small files. This step of cleaning may take several hours and several visits as it completely depends on the severity of the infection. The molars and premolars comprise two or three roots with several canals and therefore may take longer time in the root canal treatment. During the primary phase after cleaning the tooth thoroughly, temporary filling is done. After some time in the next phase, this temporary filing is removed and the canal is filled and the upper portion of the tooth is sealed with a cap. This cap saves the root-filled tooth from further damage.
During the treatment, the patient has to avoid eating hard edibles completely. The patient has to maintain oral hygiene by brushing and flossing twice daily. Check and control the intake of sugar and carbonated drinks. With proper care and constant consultation with a qualified dentist, you can make your root canal treatment last lifetime. You can also avail the services of professional dentists working at Ballarat Dental Clinic.